In an ever more complex and constantly changing world, maintaining stable employment and sometimes even just the tasks of daily living can be a difficulty thing for some people, particularly for those with physical, mental or cognitive disorders. For those with such difficulties, occupational therapy in NJ is an option for attempting to maintain a stable, independent lifestyle. Speech therapy is the field of assessment and treatment to allow people with a wide range of disorders to maintain living and work skills. Much of what an occupational therapist is identifying and eliminating barriers to independence and participation is the everyday things people have to do to successfully live on their own.
A speech therapist works systematically through a preplanned set of actions known as the pediatric physical therapist process in New Jersey. While there are several different versions of this process, with many exact points varying between practitioners. That said, three parts of the process are basic and essentially universal; evaluation, intervention and outcomes. The end result of this process, known in the field as enabling occupation, seeks to help disabled clients to engage in daily activities by evaluating their situation, intervening to deal with problems in the situation and hopefully pushing the client towards the outcome of independent living.
There are a number of areas of occupational therapy, including those of children and youth (introducing children to the basic skills such as normal growth and development, feeding, play, social skills and the skills needed for education), health and wellness (prevention of disease, injury and other conditions, promoting general well-being in those with chronic illnesses and enhancing factors that improve the quality of life) and mental health (which works to help clients with schedule maintenance, routine building, coping skills, medication, basic employment and education, being a part of the community, money management and teaching and maintaining self-care skills). Psychology plays a major part in the work of an occupational therapist, and while the field is younger, some of its core ideas can be traced back to the theories of Sigmund Freud. While the field doesn’t concern itself with Freud’s infamous psycho-sexual aspects of personality theory, it does subscribe to maintaining a balance between the need to survive (Freud’s id component) and the internal mores of one’s culture (Freud’s superego component), in order to keep the conscience aspect (Freud’s ego component) healthy.
Rehabilitation is another major aspect of the pediatric occupational therapy field, providing treatment for the disability in various settings, including hospitals, home health, nursing facilities and day rehabilitation programs. In situations as varied as an adult with autism trying to maintain employment and a place in the community or an injured worker preparing to return to the work force, pediatric speech therapy is intended to help disabled adults deal with day to day life.
While there many more nuances to the field of physiotherapy, too many to list here, it is proving to be a rapidly growing field of health care. Yet as complex as the field can be, many can attest to its importance in their daily lives.